Primero la Sección de Librerías de Funciones:

# rownames(installed.packages())
list.of.packages <- c(
"arm" , 
"broom" , 
"corrplot" , 
"cowplot" , 
"datasets" , 
"datasets" , 
"dplyr" , 
"eeptools" , 
"estimatr" , 
"FinCal" , 
"formatR" , 
"ggfortify" , 
"ggpubr" , 
"haven" , 
"Hmisc" , 
"infer" , 
"knitr" , 
"lmtest" , 
"margins" , 
"nycflights13" , 
"psych" , 
"readxl" , 
"reshape2" , 
"rms" , 
"skimr" , 
"stargazer" , 
"stringr" , 
"survival" , 
"tableone" , 
"tidyr" , 
"tidyverse" , 
"TTR" , 
"wooldridge" , 
"xlsx",
# Adicionales Octubre 2021:
"sqldf", # Para SQL en R
"RODBC"  # Para Conexion SQL y R Studio
)
has   <- list.of.packages %in% rownames(installed.packages())
if(any(!has)) install.packages(list.of.packages[!has])
Installing package into 㤼㸱C:/Users/user/Documents/R/win-library/4.1㤼㸲
(as 㤼㸱lib㤼㸲 is unspecified)
trying URL 'https://cran.rstudio.com/bin/windows/contrib/4.1/RODBC_1.3-19.zip'
Content type 'application/zip' length 892339 bytes (871 KB)
downloaded 871 KB
package ‘RODBC’ successfully unpacked and MD5 sums checked

The downloaded binary packages are in
    C:\Users\user\AppData\Local\Temp\Rtmpkdp9A2\downloaded_packages

Llamada a LIBRERIAS:

# library(arm) 
# library(broom) 
# library(corrplot) 
# library(cowplot) 
# library(datasets) 
library(dplyr) 

Attaching package: 㤼㸱dplyr㤼㸲

The following objects are masked from 㤼㸱package:stats㤼㸲:

    filter, lag

The following objects are masked from 㤼㸱package:base㤼㸲:

    intersect, setdiff, setequal, union
# library(eeptools) 
# library(estimatr) 
library(FinCal) 
# library(formatR) 
# library(ggfortify) 
# library(ggpubr) 
 library(ggplot2) 
# library(haven) #para la lectura de archivos DTA de Stata
# library(Hmisc) 
# library(infer) 
# library(knitr) 
# library(lmtest) 
# library(margins) 
# library(nycflights13) 
# library(psych) 
library(readxl) 
library(reshape2) #para hacer ReShape (Pivot Tables)
# library(rms) 
# library(skimr) 
# library(stargazer) 
# library(stringr) 
# library(survival) 
# library(tableone) 
library(tidyr) #para hacer ReShape (Pivot Tables)

Attaching package: 㤼㸱tidyr㤼㸲

The following object is masked from 㤼㸱package:reshape2㤼㸲:

    smiths
library(tidyverse) 
Registered S3 methods overwritten by 'dbplyr':
  method         from
  print.tbl_lazy     
  print.tbl_sql      
-- Attaching packages ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ tidyverse 1.3.1 --
v tibble  3.1.4     v stringr 1.4.0
v readr   2.0.1     v forcats 0.5.1
v purrr   0.3.4     
-- Conflicts --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- tidyverse_conflicts() --
x dplyr::filter() masks stats::filter()
x dplyr::lag()    masks stats::lag()
library(TTR) #para las graficas de series de tiempo
# library(wooldridge) 
library(xlsx) #para exportar a Excel file

# Adicionales Octubre 2021:
library(sqldf) # Para SQL en R
Loading required package: gsubfn
Loading required package: proto
Loading required package: RSQLite

A partir de aquí la Sección de Importación de Datasets:

print("Working Directory: "); getwd() #get to show me the current Working Directory 
[1] "Working Directory: "
[1] "I:/001.7 CURSO-02 Lenguaje R Semillero/21.10.02.T  Sab Mentoria09 Renzo R"
### Cargando BBDD: n5ay5qadfe7e1nnsv5s01oe1x62mq51j.csv ####
# Version de BBDD: 2021.09.24 v1
# RUTA: https://ibm.box.com/shared/static/

# XLS file,  Download datasets
# download.file( "https://ibm.box.com/shared/static/nx0ohd9sq0iz3p871zg8ehc1m39ibpx6.xls" , 
#                destfile="movies-db.xls" )

# CSV file,  Download datasets
download.file("https://ibm.box.com/shared/static/n5ay5qadfe7e1nnsv5s01oe1x62mq51j.csv", 
              destfile="movies-db.csv")
trying URL 'https://ibm.box.com/shared/static/n5ay5qadfe7e1nnsv5s01oe1x62mq51j.csv'
Content type 'text/csv' length 1424 bytes
downloaded 1424 bytes
database_csv <- read.csv("movies-db.csv", header=TRUE, sep=",")

file.exists("movies-db.xlsx")
[1] TRUE
# Read data from the XLS file and attribute the table to the my_excel_data variable.
database_xlsx <- read_excel("movies-db.xlsx")
database_xlsx

#movies_data
(
database <- database_xlsx
)
NA
NA

REVISION RAPIDA DEL DATAFRAME:

#View(database)
summary(database) # Summary Estadístico.
     name                year        length_min        genre           average_rating  cost_millions        foreign    age_restriction
 Length:30          Min.   :1936   Min.   : 81.00   Length:30          Min.   :5.200   Min.   :  0.400   Min.   :0.0   Min.   : 0.00  
 Class :character   1st Qu.:1988   1st Qu.: 99.25   Class :character   1st Qu.:7.925   1st Qu.:  3.525   1st Qu.:0.0   1st Qu.:12.00  
 Mode  :character   Median :1998   Median :110.50   Mode  :character   Median :8.300   Median : 13.000   Median :0.0   Median :14.00  
                    Mean   :1996   Mean   :116.80                      Mean   :8.103   Mean   : 22.300   Mean   :0.4   Mean   :12.93  
                    3rd Qu.:2008   3rd Qu.:124.25                      3rd Qu.:8.500   3rd Qu.: 25.000   3rd Qu.:1.0   3rd Qu.:16.00  
                    Max.   :2015   Max.   :179.00                      Max.   :9.300   Max.   :165.000   Max.   :1.0   Max.   :18.00  
head(database) # Primeros 6.
names(database) # Names de columnas.
[1] "name"            "year"            "length_min"      "genre"           "average_rating"  "cost_millions"   "foreign"         "age_restriction"
print(is.data.frame(database))
[1] TRUE
#attach(database) #only if there is only 1 dataset 
# CONTENIDO DE TABLA:
# database es la tabla con datos de películas.

ANALIZAMOS LA ESTRCUTURA DE LA TABLA:

Función str (structure) 21.09.25.R.Lab08-importingData


# Prints out the structure of your table.
str(database) # es la función structure
tibble [30 x 8] (S3: tbl_df/tbl/data.frame)
 $ name           : chr [1:30] "Toy Story" "Akira" "The Breakfast Club" "The Artist" ...
 $ year           : num [1:30] 1995 1998 1985 2011 1936 ...
 $ length_min     : num [1:30] 81 125 97 100 87 139 130 119 121 122 ...
 $ genre          : chr [1:30] "Animation" "Animation" "Drama" "Romance" ...
 $ average_rating : num [1:30] 8.3 8.1 7.9 8 8.6 8.9 8.7 7.9 8.7 8.4 ...
 $ cost_millions  : num [1:30] 30 10.4 1 15 1.5 63 3.3 25 11 15 ...
 $ foreign        : num [1:30] 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 ...
 $ age_restriction: num [1:30] 0 14 14 12 10 18 18 14 10 14 ...

A partir de aquí inicia el Cuerpo del Script:

EJERCICIO SQL EN R

#help("RODBC")
con <- odbcConnect( "odbc_RStudio_001", uid = "sa" , pwd = "sa" )
[RODBC] ERROR: state 08001, code 2, message [Microsoft][SQL Server Native Client 11.0]Named Pipes Provider: Could not open a connection to SQL Server [2]. [RODBC] ERROR: state HYT00, code 0, message [Microsoft][SQL Server Native Client 11.0]Login timeout expired[RODBC] ERROR: state 08001, code 2, message [Microsoft][SQL Server Native Client 11.0]A network-related or instance-specific error has occurred while establishing a connection to SQL Server. Server is not found or not accessible. Check if instance name is correct and if SQL Server is configured to allow remote connections. For more information see SQL Server Books Online.ODBC connection failed
con <- odbcConnect( "Excel Files" )
[RODBC] ERROR: Could not SQLDriverConnectODBC connection failed
tabla_sqlserver <- sqlQuery( con , " SELECT * FROM Employees ")
Error in sqlQuery(con, " SELECT * FROM Employees ") : 
  first argument is not an open RODBC channel
#help("sqldf")

mtcars
#View(mtcars)
df_query <- sqldf("select * from mtcars")
df_query
str(df_query)
'data.frame':   32 obs. of  11 variables:
 $ mpg : num  21 21 22.8 21.4 18.7 18.1 14.3 24.4 22.8 19.2 ...
 $ cyl : num  6 6 4 6 8 6 8 4 4 6 ...
 $ disp: num  160 160 108 258 360 ...
 $ hp  : num  110 110 93 110 175 105 245 62 95 123 ...
 $ drat: num  3.9 3.9 3.85 3.08 3.15 2.76 3.21 3.69 3.92 3.92 ...
 $ wt  : num  2.62 2.88 2.32 3.21 3.44 ...
 $ qsec: num  16.5 17 18.6 19.4 17 ...
 $ vs  : num  0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 ...
 $ am  : num  1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
 $ gear: num  4 4 4 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 ...
 $ carb: num  4 4 1 1 2 1 4 2 2 4 ...
sqldf("SELECT cyl , count( cyl ) as Cilindros FROM mtcars GROUP BY cyl ")
df_pivot_sql <- sqldf( " SELECT cyl , 
                                COUNT( cyl ) as Cilindros 
                         FROM mtcars 
                         GROUP BY cyl ")
df_pivot_sql

EJERCICIOS ADICIONALES CON mtcars:

#mtcars
tabla.1 <- table( mtcars$cyl )
#tabla.1

colores <- c( "orange" , 
              "green" , 
              "yellow" )
#colores

plot.1 <- barplot( tabla.1 , 
                   xlab = "Cilindros" , 
                   ylab = "Frequencia" , 
                   main = "Nro de Cilindros" ,
                   col = colores )

plot.1
     [,1]
[1,]  0.7
[2,]  1.9
[3,]  3.1

REPASO DE MATRICES:

EJERCICIOS:

summary(database)
     name                year        length_min        genre           average_rating  cost_millions        foreign    age_restriction
 Length:30          Min.   :1936   Min.   : 81.00   Length:30          Min.   :5.200   Min.   :  0.400   Min.   :0.0   Min.   : 0.00  
 Class :character   1st Qu.:1988   1st Qu.: 99.25   Class :character   1st Qu.:7.925   1st Qu.:  3.525   1st Qu.:0.0   1st Qu.:12.00  
 Mode  :character   Median :1998   Median :110.50   Mode  :character   Median :8.300   Median : 13.000   Median :0.0   Median :14.00  
                    Mean   :1996   Mean   :116.80                      Mean   :8.103   Mean   : 22.300   Mean   :0.4   Mean   :12.93  
                    3rd Qu.:2008   3rd Qu.:124.25                      3rd Qu.:8.500   3rd Qu.: 25.000   3rd Qu.:1.0   3rd Qu.:16.00  
                    Max.   :2015   Max.   :179.00                      Max.   :9.300   Max.   :165.000   Max.   :1.0   Max.   :18.00  
matrix_summary <- do.call(cbind, lapply(database, summary))
matrix_summary
        name        year      length_min genre       average_rating     cost_millions foreign age_restriction   
Min.    "30"        "1936"    "81"       "30"        "5.2"              "0.4"         "0"     "0"               
1st Qu. "character" "1987.75" "99.25"    "character" "7.925"            "3.525"       "0"     "12"              
Median  "character" "1998.5"  "110.5"    "character" "8.3"              "13"          "0"     "14"              
Mean    "30"        "1995.5"  "116.8"    "30"        "8.10333333333333" "22.3"        "0.4"   "12.9333333333333"
3rd Qu. "character" "2007.5"  "124.25"   "character" "8.5"              "25"          "1"     "16"              
Max.    "character" "2015"    "179"      "character" "9.3"              "165"         "1"     "18"              
str(matrix_summary)
 chr [1:6, 1:8] "30" "character" "character" "30" "character" "character" "1936" "1987.75" "1998.5" "1995.5" "2007.5" "2015" "81" "99.25" ...
 - attr(*, "dimnames")=List of 2
  ..$ : chr [1:6] "Min." "1st Qu." "Median" "Mean" ...
  ..$ : chr [1:8] "name" "year" "length_min" "genre" ...
df_summary <- as.data.frame(matrix_summary, row.names = NULL, optional = FALSE,
              make.names = TRUE, 
              stringsAsFactors = default.stringsAsFactors())
df_summary

summary( database$cost_millions )
   Min. 1st Qu.  Median    Mean 3rd Qu.    Max. 
  0.400   3.525  13.000  22.300  25.000 165.000 
# Retrieve a subset_dataframe of the data frame consisting of the "genre" columns
database['genre']

# Retrieve the data for the "name" column in the data frame in a vector
database$genre
 [1] "Animation" "Animation" "Drama"     "Romance"   "Comedy"    "Drama"     "Crime"     "Drama"     "Action"    "Drama"     "Drama"     "Comedy"   
[13] "Horror"    "Comedy"    "Comedy"    "Horror"    "Crime"     "Crime"     "Adventure" "Biography" "Biography" "Romance"   "Thriller"  "Sci-fi"   
[25] "Thriller"  "Drama"     "Crime"     "Fantasy"   "Drama"     "Comedy"   
# Retrieve the first row of the data frame.
database[3,]

# Retrieve the third row of the data frame, but only the "name" and "length_min" columns.
database[3, c("name","length_min")]

summary(database)
     name                year        length_min        genre           average_rating  cost_millions        foreign    age_restriction
 Length:30          Min.   :1936   Min.   : 81.00   Length:30          Min.   :5.200   Min.   :  0.400   Min.   :0.0   Min.   : 0.00  
 Class :character   1st Qu.:1988   1st Qu.: 99.25   Class :character   1st Qu.:7.925   1st Qu.:  3.525   1st Qu.:0.0   1st Qu.:12.00  
 Mode  :character   Median :1998   Median :110.50   Mode  :character   Median :8.300   Median : 13.000   Median :0.0   Median :14.00  
                    Mean   :1996   Mean   :116.80                      Mean   :8.103   Mean   : 22.300   Mean   :0.4   Mean   :12.93  
                    3rd Qu.:2008   3rd Qu.:124.25                      3rd Qu.:8.500   3rd Qu.: 25.000   3rd Qu.:1.0   3rd Qu.:16.00  
                    Max.   :2015   Max.   :179.00                      Max.   :9.300   Max.   :165.000   Max.   :1.0   Max.   :18.00  
histograma <- hist(database$length_min ,col="yellow",breaks = 10)

histograma
$breaks
 [1]  80  90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180

$counts
 [1] 2 8 5 5 4 1 2 0 1 2

$density
 [1] 0.006666667 0.026666667 0.016666667 0.016666667 0.013333333 0.003333333 0.006666667 0.000000000 0.003333333 0.006666667

$mids
 [1]  85  95 105 115 125 135 145 155 165 175

$xname
[1] "database$length_min"

$equidist
[1] TRUE

attr(,"class")
[1] "histogram"

time = gsub(":", "-", Sys.time())

#- exporta en formato .csv el df df_summary al fichero "df_summary.csv". Se guardará en la subcarpeta "datos/pruebas/" del proyecto
folder_path <- "./output_databases/"
filename <- "df_summary"
filetype <-".csv"
path <- paste(folder_path,filename," ",time,filetype, sep="")
write_csv(df_summary, path)

Hay varios packages que graban datos en formato .xls. Pero el más sencillo es el package xlsx. Veámoslo:

# install.packages("xlsx")
# library(xlsx)
write.xlsx(df_summary, "./output_databases/df_summary.xlsx")

La función write.xlsx() permite añadir datos a un archivo .xlsx preexistente; para ello tenemos que usar la opción append = TRUE:

# library(xlsx)
write.xlsx(df_summary, "./output_databases/df_summary.xlsx", sheetName = "summary", append = TRUE)

DEL EJERCICIO DE EJECUTAR SQL QUERY en UN R NOTEBOOK:

write.xlsx( df_pivot_sql , 
            "./output_databases/df_pivot_sql.xlsx", 
            sheetName = "df_pivot_sql" )

GRAFICA

#**********************************************************************
#*# Publication quality graphs require 600dpi
dpi=600    #pixels per square inch
carpeta = "./output_images/"
archivo = "histograma"
time = gsub(":", "-", Sys.time())
carpeta_y_archivo = paste(carpeta,archivo," ",time,".tif", sep="")
nombre_de_tif = carpeta_y_archivo
tiff(nombre_de_tif, width=6*dpi, height=5*dpi, res=dpi)
#**********************************************************************
histograma <- hist(database$length_min ,col="yellow",breaks = 10)
histograma
$breaks
 [1]  80  90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180

$counts
 [1] 2 8 5 5 4 1 2 0 1 2

$density
 [1] 0.006666667 0.026666667 0.016666667 0.016666667 0.013333333 0.003333333 0.006666667 0.000000000 0.003333333 0.006666667

$mids
 [1]  85  95 105 115 125 135 145 155 165 175

$xname
[1] "database$length_min"

$equidist
[1] TRUE

attr(,"class")
[1] "histogram"
#**********************************************************************
dev.off()
null device 
          1 
print(paste("Finalizado procesamiento de",archivo," ",time, sep=""))
[1] "Finalizado procesamiento dehistograma 2021-10-02 17-19-55"
#**********************************************************************
citation()

To cite R in publications use:

  R Core Team (2021). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna,
  Austria. URL https://www.R-project.org/.

A BibTeX entry for LaTeX users is

  @Manual{,
    title = {R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing},
    author = {{R Core Team}},
    organization = {R Foundation for Statistical Computing},
    address = {Vienna, Austria},
    year = {2021},
    url = {https://www.R-project.org/},
  }

We have invested a lot of time and effort in creating R, please cite it when using it for data analysis. See also
‘citation("pkgname")’ for citing R packages.
citation("readxl") 

To cite package ‘readxl’ in publications use:

  Hadley Wickham and Jennifer Bryan (2019). readxl: Read Excel Files. R package version 1.3.1.
  https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=readxl

A BibTeX entry for LaTeX users is

  @Manual{,
    title = {readxl: Read Excel Files},
    author = {Hadley Wickham and Jennifer Bryan},
    year = {2019},
    note = {R package version 1.3.1},
    url = {https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=readxl},
  }
# 
help("readxl") # Documentacion de la library readxl
---
title: "Ejecutar Query SQL en un R Notebook, @ECR's Master R Notebook Template 2021-II"
author: "Ing. Ernesto Cancho-Rodriguez, MBA George Washington University"
email: "ernesto.cancho@unmsm.edu.pe"
date: "2021.10.02"
output:
  html_notebook: default
  pdf_document: default
  html_document:
    df_print: paged
  word_document: default
---

Primero la Sección de Librerías de Funciones: 

```{r INSTALACION LIBRERIAS }
# rownames(installed.packages())
list.of.packages <- c(
"arm" , 
"broom" , 
"corrplot" , 
"cowplot" , 
"datasets" , 
"datasets" , 
"dplyr" , 
"eeptools" , 
"estimatr" , 
"FinCal" , 
"formatR" , 
"ggfortify" , 
"ggpubr" , 
"haven" , 
"Hmisc" , 
"infer" , 
"knitr" , 
"lmtest" , 
"margins" , 
"nycflights13" , 
"psych" , 
"readxl" , 
"reshape2" , 
"rms" , 
"skimr" , 
"stargazer" , 
"stringr" , 
"survival" , 
"tableone" , 
"tidyr" , 
"tidyverse" , 
"TTR" , 
"wooldridge" , 
"xlsx",
# Adicionales Octubre 2021:
"sqldf", # Para SQL en R
"RODBC"  # Para Conexion SQL y R Studio
)
has   <- list.of.packages %in% rownames(installed.packages())
if(any(!has)) install.packages(list.of.packages[!has])

```


Llamada a LIBRERIAS:
```{r LLAMADA A LIBRERIAS}
# library(arm) 
# library(broom) 
# library(corrplot) 
# library(cowplot) 
# library(datasets) 
library(dplyr) 
# library(eeptools) 
# library(estimatr) 
library(FinCal) 
# library(formatR) 
# library(ggfortify) 
# library(ggpubr) 
 library(ggplot2) 
# library(haven) #para la lectura de archivos DTA de Stata
# library(Hmisc) 
# library(infer) 
# library(knitr) 
# library(lmtest) 
# library(margins) 
# library(nycflights13) 
# library(psych) 
library(readxl) 
library(reshape2) #para hacer ReShape (Pivot Tables)
# library(rms) 
# library(skimr) 
# library(stargazer) 
# library(stringr) 
# library(survival) 
# library(tableone) 
library(tidyr) #para hacer ReShape (Pivot Tables)
library(tidyverse) 
library(TTR) #para las graficas de series de tiempo
# library(wooldridge) 
library(xlsx) #para exportar a Excel file

# Adicionales Octubre 2021:
library(sqldf) # Para SQL en R
library(RODBC) # Para Conexion SQL y R Studio
```


A partir de aquí la Sección de Importación de Datasets:
```{r DATA }
print("Working Directory: "); getwd() #get to show me the current Working Directory 
### Cargando BBDD: n5ay5qadfe7e1nnsv5s01oe1x62mq51j.csv ####
# Version de BBDD: 2021.09.24 v1
# RUTA: https://ibm.box.com/shared/static/

# XLS file,  Download datasets
# download.file( "https://ibm.box.com/shared/static/nx0ohd9sq0iz3p871zg8ehc1m39ibpx6.xls" , 
#                destfile="movies-db.xls" )

# CSV file,  Download datasets
download.file("https://ibm.box.com/shared/static/n5ay5qadfe7e1nnsv5s01oe1x62mq51j.csv", 
              destfile="movies-db.csv")
database_csv <- read.csv("movies-db.csv", header=TRUE, sep=",")

file.exists("movies-db.xlsx")
# Read data from the XLS file and attribute the table to the my_excel_data variable.
database_xlsx <- read_excel("movies-db.xlsx")
database_xlsx

#movies_data
(
database <- database_xlsx
)


```
REVISION RAPIDA DEL DATAFRAME:
```{r}
#View(database)
summary(database) # Summary Estadístico.
head(database) # Primeros 6.
names(database) # Names de columnas.
print(is.data.frame(database))
#attach(database) #only if there is only 1 dataset 
# CONTENIDO DE TABLA:
# database es la tabla con datos de películas.
```

ANALIZAMOS LA ESTRCUTURA DE LA TABLA:

Función str (structure)
21.09.25.R.Lab08-importingData 
```{r CUERPO}

# Prints out the structure of your table.
str(database) # es la función structure


```


A partir de aquí inicia el Cuerpo del Script:

EJERCICIO SQL EN R

```{r}
#help("RODBC")
con <- odbcConnect( "odbc_RStudio_001", uid = "sa" , pwd = "sa" )
con <- odbcConnect( "Excel Files" )

tabla_sqlserver <- sqlQuery( con , " SELECT * FROM Employees ")
tabla_sqlserver
```



```{r}
#help("sqldf")

mtcars
#View(mtcars)

```

```{r}
df_query <- sqldf("select * from mtcars")
df_query
#str(df_query)

```
```{r}
sqldf("SELECT cyl , count( cyl ) as Cilindros FROM mtcars GROUP BY cyl ")
```

```{r}
df_pivot_sql <- sqldf( " SELECT cyl , 
                                COUNT( cyl ) as Cilindros 
                         FROM mtcars 
                         GROUP BY cyl ")
df_pivot_sql
```

EJERCICIOS ADICIONALES CON mtcars:

```{r}
#mtcars
tabla.1 <- table( mtcars$cyl )
#tabla.1

colores <- c( "orange" , 
              "green" , 
              "yellow" )
#colores

plot.1 <- barplot( tabla.1 , 
                   xlab = "Cilindros" , 
                   ylab = "Frequencia" , 
                   main = "Nro de Cilindros" ,
                   col = colores )
plot.1
```




REPASO DE MATRICES:
```{r}
matrix.1 <- matrix( 1:10 , 
            nrow = 5 , 
            ncol = 4 )
matrix.1

dim(matrix.1)

matrix.1[2,4]
matrix.1[2, ]
matrix.1[ ,4]
df_matrix.1 <- as.data.frame( matrix.1 , row.names = NULL, 
                              optional = FALSE , 
                              make.names = TRUE , 
               stringsAsFactors = default.stringsAsFactors() )
#df_matrix.1
#df_matrix.1$V4
df_matrix.1['V4']

```



EJERCICIOS:


```{r}
summary(database)
matrix_summary <- do.call(cbind, lapply(database, summary))
matrix_summary
str(matrix_summary)
df_summary <- as.data.frame(matrix_summary, row.names = NULL, optional = FALSE,
              make.names = TRUE, 
              stringsAsFactors = default.stringsAsFactors())
df_summary

summary( database$cost_millions )

# Retrieve a subset_dataframe of the data frame consisting of the "genre" columns
database['genre']

# Retrieve the data for the "name" column in the data frame in a vector
database$genre

```

```{r}
# Retrieve the first row of the data frame.
database[3,]

# Retrieve the third row of the data frame, but only the "name" and "length_min" columns.
database[3, c("name","length_min")]
```
```{r}

summary(database)
histograma <- hist(database$length_min ,col="yellow",breaks = 10)
histograma
```
```{r}

time = gsub(":", "-", Sys.time())

#- exporta en formato .csv el df df_summary al fichero "df_summary.csv". Se guardará en la subcarpeta "datos/pruebas/" del proyecto
folder_path <- "./output_databases/"
filename <- "df_summary"
filetype <-".csv"
path <- paste(folder_path,filename," ",time,filetype, sep="")
write_csv(df_summary, path)


```
Hay varios packages que graban datos en formato .xls. Pero el más sencillo es el package xlsx. Veámoslo:
```{r}
# install.packages("xlsx")
# library(xlsx)
write.xlsx(df_summary, "./output_databases/df_summary.xlsx")

```

La función write.xlsx() permite añadir datos a un archivo .xlsx preexistente; para ello tenemos que usar la opción append = TRUE:
```{r}
# library(xlsx)
write.xlsx(df_summary, "./output_databases/df_summary.xlsx", sheetName = "summary", append = TRUE)
```


DEL EJERCICIO DE EJECUTAR SQL QUERY en UN R NOTEBOOK:
```{r}
write.xlsx( df_pivot_sql , 
            "./output_databases/df_pivot_sql.xlsx", 
            sheetName = "df_pivot_sql" )
```




GRAFICA
```{r}
#**********************************************************************
#*# Publication quality graphs require 600dpi
dpi=600    #pixels per square inch
carpeta = "./output_images/"
archivo = "histograma"
time = gsub(":", "-", Sys.time())
carpeta_y_archivo = paste(carpeta,archivo," ",time,".tif", sep="")
nombre_de_tif = carpeta_y_archivo
tiff(nombre_de_tif, width=6*dpi, height=5*dpi, res=dpi)
#**********************************************************************
histograma <- hist(database$length_min ,col="yellow",breaks = 10)
histograma
#**********************************************************************
dev.off()
print(paste("Finalizado procesamiento de",archivo," ",time, sep=""))
#**********************************************************************
```

```{r}
citation()
citation("readxl") 
# 
help("readxl") # Documentacion de la library readxl

```