Presentacion de mi primera Shiny App

Santiago Escuder
11/09/2021

El codigo Shiny de esta App se encuentra en https://github.com/SantiagoEscuder/App_Coursera_Mtcars.

  • Se trata de una base chica de autos con diferentes indicadores propia de R-studio (Cran)
  • Es un modelo de clustering de K-medias interactivo
  • Los resultados se ven en un diagrama de dispersion de dos variables por vez

Base de datos (autos) y descriptivos de tendencia central

head(mtcars)
                   mpg cyl disp  hp drat    wt  qsec vs am gear carb
Mazda RX4         21.0   6  160 110 3.90 2.620 16.46  0  1    4    4
Mazda RX4 Wag     21.0   6  160 110 3.90 2.875 17.02  0  1    4    4
Datsun 710        22.8   4  108  93 3.85 2.320 18.61  1  1    4    1
Hornet 4 Drive    21.4   6  258 110 3.08 3.215 19.44  1  0    3    1
Hornet Sportabout 18.7   8  360 175 3.15 3.440 17.02  0  0    3    2
Valiant           18.1   6  225 105 2.76 3.460 20.22  1  0    3    1
summary(mtcars)
      mpg             cyl             disp             hp       
 Min.   :10.40   Min.   :4.000   Min.   : 71.1   Min.   : 52.0  
 1st Qu.:15.43   1st Qu.:4.000   1st Qu.:120.8   1st Qu.: 96.5  
 Median :19.20   Median :6.000   Median :196.3   Median :123.0  
 Mean   :20.09   Mean   :6.188   Mean   :230.7   Mean   :146.7  
 3rd Qu.:22.80   3rd Qu.:8.000   3rd Qu.:326.0   3rd Qu.:180.0  
 Max.   :33.90   Max.   :8.000   Max.   :472.0   Max.   :335.0  
      drat             wt             qsec             vs        
 Min.   :2.760   Min.   :1.513   Min.   :14.50   Min.   :0.0000  
 1st Qu.:3.080   1st Qu.:2.581   1st Qu.:16.89   1st Qu.:0.0000  
 Median :3.695   Median :3.325   Median :17.71   Median :0.0000  
 Mean   :3.597   Mean   :3.217   Mean   :17.85   Mean   :0.4375  
 3rd Qu.:3.920   3rd Qu.:3.610   3rd Qu.:18.90   3rd Qu.:1.0000  
 Max.   :4.930   Max.   :5.424   Max.   :22.90   Max.   :1.0000  
       am              gear            carb      
 Min.   :0.0000   Min.   :3.000   Min.   :1.000  
 1st Qu.:0.0000   1st Qu.:3.000   1st Qu.:2.000  
 Median :0.0000   Median :4.000   Median :2.000  
 Mean   :0.4062   Mean   :3.688   Mean   :2.812  
 3rd Qu.:1.0000   3rd Qu.:4.000   3rd Qu.:4.000  
 Max.   :1.0000   Max.   :5.000   Max.   :8.000  

Grafico correlaciones generales

            mpg        cyl       disp         hp        drat         wt
mpg   1.0000000 -0.8521620 -0.8475514 -0.7761684  0.68117191 -0.8676594
cyl  -0.8521620  1.0000000  0.9020329  0.8324475 -0.69993811  0.7824958
disp -0.8475514  0.9020329  1.0000000  0.7909486 -0.71021393  0.8879799
hp   -0.7761684  0.8324475  0.7909486  1.0000000 -0.44875912  0.6587479
drat  0.6811719 -0.6999381 -0.7102139 -0.4487591  1.00000000 -0.7124406
wt   -0.8676594  0.7824958  0.8879799  0.6587479 -0.71244065  1.0000000
qsec  0.4186840 -0.5912421 -0.4336979 -0.7082234  0.09120476 -0.1747159
vs    0.6640389 -0.8108118 -0.7104159 -0.7230967  0.44027846 -0.5549157
am    0.5998324 -0.5226070 -0.5912270 -0.2432043  0.71271113 -0.6924953
gear  0.4802848 -0.4926866 -0.5555692 -0.1257043  0.69961013 -0.5832870
carb -0.5509251  0.5269883  0.3949769  0.7498125 -0.09078980  0.4276059
            qsec         vs          am       gear        carb
mpg   0.41868403  0.6640389  0.59983243  0.4802848 -0.55092507
cyl  -0.59124207 -0.8108118 -0.52260705 -0.4926866  0.52698829
disp -0.43369788 -0.7104159 -0.59122704 -0.5555692  0.39497686
hp   -0.70822339 -0.7230967 -0.24320426 -0.1257043  0.74981247
drat  0.09120476  0.4402785  0.71271113  0.6996101 -0.09078980
wt   -0.17471588 -0.5549157 -0.69249526 -0.5832870  0.42760594
qsec  1.00000000  0.7445354 -0.22986086 -0.2126822 -0.65624923
vs    0.74453544  1.0000000  0.16834512  0.2060233 -0.56960714
am   -0.22986086  0.1683451  1.00000000  0.7940588  0.05753435
gear -0.21268223  0.2060233  0.79405876  1.0000000  0.27407284
carb -0.65624923 -0.5696071  0.05753435  0.2740728  1.00000000

plot of chunk unnamed-chunk-2

Grafico correlaciones generales (grafico calor)

plot of chunk unnamed-chunk-3

Codigo ui.R

library(shiny)

vars <- setdiff(names(mtcars), “Autos”)

shinyUI(fluidPage( titlePanel(“Clustering de autos”), sidebarLayout( sidebarPanel( selectInput('xcol', 'X Variable', vars), selectInput('ycol', 'Y Variable', vars, selected = vars[[2]]), numericInput('clusters', 'Numero clusters', 3, min = 1, max = 9) ), mainPanel( plotOutput('plot1'), h4(“Se trata de un analisis de la base mtcars y sus diferentes indicadores de forma bi-variada. Por mas informacion ver: https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/explore/vignettes/explore_mtcars.html”)) )))

Codigo server.R

library(shiny) shinyServer(function(input, output, session) {

# Combine the selected variables into a new data frame selectedData <- reactive({ mtcars[, c(input$xcol, input$ycol)] })

clusters <- reactive({ kmeans(selectedData(), input$clusters) })

output$plot1 <- renderPlot({ palette(c(“#E41A1C”, “#377EB8”, “#4DAF4A”, “#984EA3”, “#FF7F00”, “#FFFF33”, “#A65628”, “#F781BF”, “#999999”))

par(mar = c(5.1, 4.1, 0, 1))
plot(selectedData(),
     col = clusters()$cluster,
     pch = 20, cex = 3)
points(clusters()$centers, pch = 4, cex = 4, lwd = 4)
text(selectedData(), row.names(mtcars), cex=0.9, pos=4, col="black")

})

})