Suggested Citation:

Mendez Carlos (2020). Classical Sigma and Beta Convergence Analysis in R: Using the REAT 2.1 Package. R Studio/RPubs. Available at

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License.

2 Load the Data

Let us use a dataset containing the per-capita GDP of 152 Countries over 34 years (Phillips and Sul, 2009). The data is from the package ConvergenceClubs