Calculus Assignment 13

Question 1

Use integration by substition to solve the integral below.

\[\int 4e^{-7x}dx\]

Set the value to substitute: u = -7x

Find the value of dx: dx = -du/7

\[\frac{-4}{7}\int e^{u}du\] \[\frac{-4}{7}e^{u} + c\]

Question 2

Biologists are treating a pond contaminated with bacteria. The level of contamination is changing at a rate of dN/dt =  3150/t^4  220 bacteria per cubic centimeter per day, where t is the number of days since treatment began. Find a function N(t) to estimate the level of contamination if the level after 1 day was 6530 bacteria per cubic centimeter.

\[\frac{dN}{dt} = \frac{-3150}{t^4} - 220\] \[N(t) = \frac{1050}{t^3} - 220t + c\] \[6530 = 1050 - 220 + c\] \[c = 5700\]

\[N(t) = \frac{1050}{t^3} - 220t + 5700\]

Question 3

Find the total area of the red rectangles in the figure below, where the equation of the line is f(x) = 2x  9.

Midpoint rule: \[M_n = \sum{f(m_i)\Delta x}\]

## [1] "Area of rectangles"
## [1] 16

Question 4

Find the area of the region bounded by the graphs of the given equations.

y = x^2  2x  2, y = x + 2 Enter your answer below.

\[\int_{-1}^{4} (x+2) - (x^2  2x  2) dx\]

\[\int_{-1}^{4} x^2 + 3x + 4 dx\]

\[[\frac{x^3}{3} + \frac{3x^2}{2} + 4x]_{-1}^{4} \]

## [1] "Area of the region bounded by the graphs:"
## [1] 64.16667

Question 5

A beauty supply store expects to sell 110 flat irons during the next year. It costs $3.75 to store one flat iron for one year. There is a fixed cost of $8.25 for each order. Find the lot size and the number of orders per year that will minimize inventory costs.

Storage cost: \[sc = 3.75 * \frac{x}{2}\]

Ordering cost: \[oc = 8.25 * \frac{110}{x} \]

Total cost: \[tc = 1.875x + \frac{907.5}{x} \]

Derivative: \[\frac{dtc}{dx} = 1.875- \frac{907.5}{x^2}\] \[\frac{907.5}{1.875} = x^2\]

\[x = 22\]

110 / 22 = 5 orders

Question 6

Use integration by parts to solve the integral below. \[\int ln(9x) * x^6 dx\]

\[u = ln(9x) | dv = x^6dx\]

\[ du = \frac{1}{x} dx | v = \frac{x^7}{7}\]

\[\int u dv = uv - \int vdu\]

\[\int ln(9x) x^6dx = ln(9x) * \frac{x^7}{7} - \int \frac{x^7}{7} \frac{1}{x}dx\]

\[\int ln(9x) * x^6 dx = \frac{x^7ln(9x)}{7} - \frac{1}{7}\int x^6 dx\]

\[\int ln(9x) * x^6 dx = \frac{x^7ln(9x)}{7} - \frac{x^7}{49} + c\] \[\int ln(9x) * x^6 dx = \frac{x^7(7ln(9x) - 1)}{49} + c\]

Question 7

Determine whether f(x) is a probability density function on the interval [1, e^6]. If not, determine the value of the definite integral.

f(x) = 1/6x

\[ \int_{1}^{e^6} {\frac{1}{6x}} \] \[ \frac{1}{6}[ln(x)]_{1}^{e^6} \]

\[ \frac{1}{6}[ln(e^6)-ln(1)] \]

\[ \frac{1}{6}[6 - 0] = 1\]

f(x) is the probability density function on this interval since it is equal to 1.