## Manova Test Statistics

Multiple tests of significance can be employed when performing MANOVA. The most well known and widely used MANOVA test statistics are Wilk’s \(\Lambda\), Pillai, Lawley-Hotelling, and Roy’s test. Unlike ANOVA in which only one dependent variable is examined, several tests are often utilized in MANOVA due to its multidimensional nature. Each MANOVA test statistic is different and can lead to different conclusions depending on how the data and mean vectors lie, thus understanding