Wi-Fi name:





  • Who am I ?
    • That's not important.
  • Who are you ?
    • How to read your names ?
    • Which prefecture are you from ?
    • Are you good at English ?
      • Yes ! Be confident, be ambitious!
    • Have you ever read any literature (medical science) ?
      • Can you give some example ?

Today's Agenda

  1. The outline and objective of this seminar.

  2. Schedule of this seminar

  3. Brief introduction of Pubmed

What will this seminar cover ?

  • How and why we need to use Pubmed, Web of Science, and Google scholar.

  • How to organize your own literature database ?

  • Types of medical research.

  • Try to read and understand the paper we found and provided.


Date (Thu.) Topic
2016.4.21 Introduction
2016.4.28 Pubmed and etc.
2016.5.12 Learn by yourself
2016.5.19 Zotero and etc.
2016.5.26 Medical research
2016.6.02 Read and presentation
2016.6.09 Read and presentation
2016.6.16 Read and presentation
2016.6.23 Learn by yourself
2016.6.30 Read and presentation
2016.7.21 Final Presentation

Information explosion

How to find literature efficiently ?




What is literature?

  • Papers with results and records of research, study, experience, experiment, or observation.

  • What have been done/known so far, and what others think about this issue.

  • Papers publihed in textbooks or scientific journals (Science, Nature, etc.).

  • Textbooks are usually updated rarely and out-of-date.

Why do we need
literature retrieval ?

  • To clear the definition of something.
    • Example: I want to know the number of patients with metabolic syndrome in Japan.
    • What is metabolic syndrome ?
    • ICD10: E88.81
  • To find the background knowledge of the topic.
    • Example: Risk factors of diabetes.
    • Which type ? (Type I or II?)
    • What is already known ? (Obesity, sedentary life-style, family history, unhealthy diet)
    • What is still unknown ?
      • The mechanism of insulin resistance.
      • Does paternal history contributes equal with maternal history?
      • etc.

When to do
literature retrieval ?

In every stage of your research!

  • Planing
    • Background reseach.
    • Limitations to be overcomed.
    • How many sample do I need ?
    • etc.
  • Doing
    • What is different between my results and the literature ?
    • What is new in my study ?
  • Writing
    • Any other new study published during my research ?


  • What is Pubmed?
    • Free search engine accessing the MEDLINE database of reference and abstracts on life sciences and biomedical topics.
    • More than 25,000,000 papers are indexed in the database.
    • Time:
      • From 1946 to now.
      • Updated every work day. (5 days/week)
  • Journals from Japan (n = 161); Journals in Japanese (n = 69) [2016.2]
  • Language used to search: English.
NIH = National Institues of Health
NLM = National Library of Medicine
National Center for Biotechnology Information


  • 個人利用の範囲を超えた大量ダウンロードはできない.
    • プログラム等を使った大量ダウンロード
    • 特定の雑誌の巻号をまとめてダウンロード
  • 個人利用以外の利用
    • 「友人に電子ジャーナルのPDFをメール送信」はダメ
  • データの複製・改変・再配布


Access from campus of Aichi Medical University: