To Read and View data

store.df<-read.csv("Store24.csv")
View(store.df)

Summary

summary(store.df)
##      store          Sales             Profit          MTenure      
##  Min.   : 1.0   Min.   : 699306   Min.   :122180   Min.   :  0.00  
##  1st Qu.:19.5   1st Qu.: 984579   1st Qu.:211004   1st Qu.:  6.67  
##  Median :38.0   Median :1127332   Median :265014   Median : 24.12  
##  Mean   :38.0   Mean   :1205413   Mean   :276314   Mean   : 45.30  
##  3rd Qu.:56.5   3rd Qu.:1362388   3rd Qu.:331314   3rd Qu.: 50.92  
##  Max.   :75.0   Max.   :2113089   Max.   :518998   Max.   :277.99  
##     CTenure              Pop             Comp          Visibility  
##  Min.   :  0.8871   Min.   : 1046   Min.   : 1.651   Min.   :2.00  
##  1st Qu.:  4.3943   1st Qu.: 5616   1st Qu.: 3.151   1st Qu.:3.00  
##  Median :  7.2115   Median : 8896   Median : 3.629   Median :3.00  
##  Mean   : 13.9315   Mean   : 9826   Mean   : 3.788   Mean   :3.08  
##  3rd Qu.: 17.2156   3rd Qu.:14104   3rd Qu.: 4.230   3rd Qu.:4.00  
##  Max.   :114.1519   Max.   :26519   Max.   :11.128   Max.   :5.00  
##     PedCount         Res          Hours24       CrewSkill    
##  Min.   :1.00   Min.   :0.00   Min.   :0.00   Min.   :2.060  
##  1st Qu.:2.00   1st Qu.:1.00   1st Qu.:1.00   1st Qu.:3.225  
##  Median :3.00   Median :1.00   Median :1.00   Median :3.500  
##  Mean   :2.96   Mean   :0.96   Mean   :0.84   Mean   :3.457  
##  3rd Qu.:4.00   3rd Qu.:1.00   3rd Qu.:1.00   3rd Qu.:3.655  
##  Max.   :5.00   Max.   :1.00   Max.   :1.00   Max.   :4.640  
##     MgrSkill        ServQual     
##  Min.   :2.957   Min.   : 57.90  
##  1st Qu.:3.344   1st Qu.: 78.95  
##  Median :3.589   Median : 89.47  
##  Mean   :3.638   Mean   : 87.15  
##  3rd Qu.:3.925   3rd Qu.: 99.90  
##  Max.   :4.622   Max.   :100.00

To find Means for Profit, MTenure and CTenure

apply(store.df[,3:5],2,mean)
##       Profit      MTenure      CTenure 
## 276313.61333     45.29644     13.93150

To find Standard Deviations of Profit, MTenure and CTenure

apply(store.df[,3:5],2,sd)
##      Profit     MTenure     CTenure 
## 89404.07634    57.67155    17.69752

Use R to print the {StoreID, Sales, Profit, MTenure, CTenure} of the top 10 most profitable stores.

mostprofitable <- store.df[order(-store.df$Profit),]
mostprofitable[1:10,1:5,]
##    store   Sales Profit   MTenure    CTenure
## 74    74 1782957 518998 171.09720  29.519510
## 7      7 1809256 476355  62.53080   7.326488
## 9      9 2113089 474725 108.99350   6.061602
## 6      6 1703140 469050 149.93590  11.351130
## 44    44 1807740 439781 182.23640 114.151900
## 2      2 1619874 424007  86.22219   6.636550
## 45    45 1602362 410149  47.64565   9.166325
## 18    18 1704826 394039 239.96980  33.774130
## 11    11 1583446 389886  44.81977   2.036961
## 47    47 1665657 387853  12.84790   6.636550

Use R to print the {StoreID, Sales, Profit, MTenure, CTenure} of the bottom 10 least profitable stores.

leastprofitable <- store.df[order(store.df$Profit),]
leastprofitable[1:10,1:5,]
##    store   Sales Profit     MTenure   CTenure
## 57    57  699306 122180  24.3485700  2.956879
## 66    66  879581 146058 115.2039000  3.876797
## 41    41  744211 147327  14.9180200 11.926080
## 55    55  925744 147672   6.6703910 18.365500
## 32    32  828918 149033  36.0792600  6.636550
## 13    13  857843 152513   0.6571813  1.577002
## 54    54  811190 159792   6.6703910  3.876797
## 52    52 1073008 169201  24.1185600  3.416838
## 61    61  716589 177046  21.8184200 13.305950
## 37    37 1202917 187765  23.1985000  1.347023

Generate scatterplot of Profit vs. MTenure

library(car)
## Warning: package 'car' was built under R version 3.3.3
scatterplot(store.df$Profit~store.df$MTenure, data=store.df, spread=FALSE, xlab="MTenure", ylab="Profit", main="Scatterplot of Profit vs MTenure")

Draw a scatter plot of Profit vs. CTenure

scatterplot(store.df$Profit~store.df$CTenure, data=store.df, spread=FALSE, xlab="CTenure", ylab="Profit", main="Scatterplot of Profit vs CTenure")

Construct a Correlation Matrix for all the variables in the dataset.

round(digits=2,cor(store.df))
##            store Sales Profit MTenure CTenure   Pop  Comp Visibility
## store       1.00 -0.23  -0.20   -0.06    0.02 -0.29  0.03      -0.03
## Sales      -0.23  1.00   0.92    0.45    0.25  0.40 -0.24       0.13
## Profit     -0.20  0.92   1.00    0.44    0.26  0.43 -0.33       0.14
## MTenure    -0.06  0.45   0.44    1.00    0.24 -0.06  0.18       0.16
## CTenure     0.02  0.25   0.26    0.24    1.00  0.00 -0.07       0.07
## Pop        -0.29  0.40   0.43   -0.06    0.00  1.00 -0.27      -0.05
## Comp        0.03 -0.24  -0.33    0.18   -0.07 -0.27  1.00       0.03
## Visibility -0.03  0.13   0.14    0.16    0.07 -0.05  0.03       1.00
## PedCount   -0.22  0.42   0.45    0.06   -0.08  0.61 -0.15      -0.14
## Res        -0.03 -0.17  -0.16   -0.06   -0.34 -0.24  0.22       0.02
## Hours24     0.03  0.06  -0.03   -0.17    0.07 -0.22  0.13       0.05
## CrewSkill   0.05  0.16   0.16    0.10    0.26  0.28 -0.04      -0.20
## MgrSkill   -0.07  0.31   0.32    0.23    0.12  0.08  0.22       0.07
## ServQual   -0.32  0.39   0.36    0.18    0.08  0.12  0.02       0.21
##            PedCount   Res Hours24 CrewSkill MgrSkill ServQual
## store         -0.22 -0.03    0.03      0.05    -0.07    -0.32
## Sales          0.42 -0.17    0.06      0.16     0.31     0.39
## Profit         0.45 -0.16   -0.03      0.16     0.32     0.36
## MTenure        0.06 -0.06   -0.17      0.10     0.23     0.18
## CTenure       -0.08 -0.34    0.07      0.26     0.12     0.08
## Pop            0.61 -0.24   -0.22      0.28     0.08     0.12
## Comp          -0.15  0.22    0.13     -0.04     0.22     0.02
## Visibility    -0.14  0.02    0.05     -0.20     0.07     0.21
## PedCount       1.00 -0.28   -0.28      0.21     0.09    -0.01
## Res           -0.28  1.00   -0.09     -0.15    -0.03     0.09
## Hours24       -0.28 -0.09    1.00      0.11    -0.04     0.06
## CrewSkill      0.21 -0.15    0.11      1.00    -0.02    -0.03
## MgrSkill       0.09 -0.03   -0.04     -0.02     1.00     0.36
## ServQual      -0.01  0.09    0.06     -0.03     0.36     1.00

Find correlation between profit and MTenure

round(digits=2,cor(store.df$Profit,store.df$MTenure))
## [1] 0.44

Find correlation between profit and CTenure

round(digits=2,cor(store.df$Profit,store.df$CTenure))
## [1] 0.26

Generate the corrgram of all the store variables

Run a Pearson’s Correlation test on the correlation between Profit and MTenure. What is the p-value?

cor.test(store.df$Profit,store.df$MTenure)
## 
##  Pearson's product-moment correlation
## 
## data:  store.df$Profit and store.df$MTenure
## t = 4.1731, df = 73, p-value = 8.193e-05
## alternative hypothesis: true correlation is not equal to 0
## 95 percent confidence interval:
##  0.2353497 0.6055175
## sample estimates:
##       cor 
## 0.4388692

Run a Pearson’s Correlation test on the correlation between Profit and CTenure. What is the p-value?

cor.test(store.df$Profit,store.df$CTenure)
## 
##  Pearson's product-moment correlation
## 
## data:  store.df$Profit and store.df$CTenure
## t = 2.2786, df = 73, p-value = 0.02562
## alternative hypothesis: true correlation is not equal to 0
## 95 percent confidence interval:
##  0.03262507 0.45786339
## sample estimates:
##       cor 
## 0.2576789

Run a regression of Profit on {MTenure, CTenure Comp, Pop, PedCount, Res, Hours24, Visibility}

fitting <- lm(Profit ~ MTenure + CTenure + Comp + Pop + PedCount + Res + Hours24 + Visibility  ,data=store.df)
summary(fitting)
## 
## Call:
## lm(formula = Profit ~ MTenure + CTenure + Comp + Pop + PedCount + 
##     Res + Hours24 + Visibility, data = store.df)
## 
## Residuals:
##     Min      1Q  Median      3Q     Max 
## -105789  -35946   -7069   33780  112390 
## 
## Coefficients:
##               Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)    
## (Intercept)   7610.041  66821.994   0.114 0.909674    
## MTenure        760.993    127.086   5.988 9.72e-08 ***
## CTenure        944.978    421.687   2.241 0.028400 *  
## Comp        -25286.887   5491.937  -4.604 1.94e-05 ***
## Pop              3.667      1.466   2.501 0.014890 *  
## PedCount     34087.359   9073.196   3.757 0.000366 ***
## Res          91584.675  39231.283   2.334 0.022623 *  
## Hours24      63233.307  19641.114   3.219 0.001994 ** 
## Visibility   12625.447   9087.620   1.389 0.169411    
## ---
## Signif. codes:  0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1
## 
## Residual standard error: 56970 on 66 degrees of freedom
## Multiple R-squared:  0.6379, Adjusted R-squared:  0.594 
## F-statistic: 14.53 on 8 and 66 DF,  p-value: 5.382e-12

List the explanatory variable(s) whose beta-coefficients are statistically significant (p < 0.05).

Explanatory variable(s) whose beta-coefficients are statistically significant are - MTenure , CTenure, Pop , PedCount , Res , Hours24

List the explanatory variable(s) whose beta-coefficients are not statistically significant (p > 0.05).

Not statistically significant factors are Visibility

What is expected change in the Profit at a store, if the Manager’s tenure i.e. number of months of experience with Store24, increases by one month?

With one month increase in Manager’s tenure of work experience, a Store is statistically expected to increase it’s profits by 760.993.

What is expected change in the Profit at a store, if the Crew’s tenure i.e. number of months of experience with Store24, increases by one month?

With one month increase in Crew’s tenure of work experience, a Store is statistically expected to increase it’s profits by 944.978.

SUMMARY

The most profitable store is with ID :74 and the least profitable store is :57

Correlation between profit and manager’s tenure is 0.44 while correlation between profit and crew’s tenure is 0.26. This indicates that increase in tenure of Manager and Crew will lead to increase in Profit, but the former has greater than latter. So, Manager’s work experience is more important than of Crew at the store.

The mean profit per store is $276313.6

The number of competitors has a decremental effect on Profit i.e. there will be adverse effect on profit if competitors increase.