Twas brillig, and the slithy toves
Did gyre and gimble in the wabe:
All mimsy were the borogoves,
And the mome raths outgrabe.

       Jabberwocky by Lewis Carroll
                   

No analysis of cricket is complete, without determining how players would perform in the host country. Playing Test cricket on foreign pitches, in the host country, is a ‘real test’ for both batsmen and bowlers. Players, who can perform consistently both on domestic and foreign pitches are the genuinely class players. Player performance on foreign pitches lets us differentiate the paper tigers, and home ground bullies among batsmen. Similarly, spinners who perform well, only on rank turners in home ground or pace bowlers who can only swing and generate bounce on specially prepared pitches are neither genuine spinners nor real pace bowlers.

So this post, helps in identifying those with real strengths, and those who play good only when the conditions are in favor in home grounds. So this post brings a certain level of finality to the analysis of players with my R package ‘cricketr’

Besides, I also meant ‘final analysis’ in the literal sense, as I intend to take a long break from cricket analysis/analytics and focus on some other domains like Neural Networks, Deep Learning and Spark.

As already mentioned, my R package ‘cricketr’, uses the statistics info available in ESPN Cricinfo Statsguru. You should be able to install the package from CRAN and use many of the functions available in the package. Please be mindful of ESPN Cricinfo Terms of Use

(Note: This page is also hosted at RPubs as cricketrFinalAnalysys. You can download the PDF file at cricketrFinalAnalysys.

For getting data of a player against a particular country and in the host country I just had to add 2 extra parameters to the getPlayerData() function. The cricketr package has been updated with the changed functions for getPlayerData() - Tests, getPlayerDataOD() - ODI and getPlayerDataTT() for the Twenty20s. The updated functions will be available in cricketr Version -0.0.14

The data for the following players have already been obtained with the new, changed getPlayerData() function and have been saved as *.csv files. I will be re-using these files, instead of getting them all over again. Hence the getPlayerData() lines have been commented below

library(cricketr)

1. Performance of a batsman against a host ountry in the host country

For e.g We can the get the data for Sachin Tendulkar for matches played against Australia and in Australia Here opposition=2 and host =2 indicate that the opposition is Australia and the host country is also Australia

#tendulkarAus=getPlayerData(35320,opposition=2,host=2,file="tendulkarVsAusInAus.csv",type="batting")

All cricketr functions can be used with this data frame, as before. All the charts show the performance of Tendulkar in Australia against Australia.

par(mfrow=c(2,3))
par(mar=c(4,4,2,2))
batsman4s("./data/tendulkarVsAusInAus.csv","Tendulkar")
batsman6s("./data/tendulkarVsAusInAus.csv","Tendulkar")
batsmanRunsRanges("./data/tendulkarVsAusInAus.csv","Tendulkar")
batsmanDismissals("./data/tendulkarVsAusInAus.csv","Tendulkar")
batsmanAvgRunsGround("./data/tendulkarVsAusInAus.csv","Tendulkar")
batsmanMovingAverage("./data/tendulkarVsAusInAus.csv","Tendulkar")

dev.off()
## null device 
##           1

2. Relative performances of international batsmen against England in England

While we can analyze the performance of a player against an opposition in some host country, I wanted to compare the relative performances of players, to see how players from different nations play in a host country which is not their home ground.

The following lines gets player’s data of matches played in England and against England. The Oval,Lord’s are famous for generating some dangerous swing. I chose the following players

  1. Sir Don Bradman (Australia)
  2. Steve Waugh (Australia)
  3. Rahul Dravid (India)
  4. Vivian Richards (West Indies)
  5. Sachin Tendulkar (India)
#tendulkarEng=getPlayerData(35320,opposition=1,host=1,file="tendulkarVsEngInEng.csv",type="batting")
#bradmanEng=getPlayerData(4188,opposition=1,host=1,file="bradmanVsEngInEng.csv",type="batting")
#srwaughEng=getPlayerData(8192,opposition=1,host=1,file="srwaughVsEngInEng.csv",type="batting")
#dravidEng=getPlayerData(28114,opposition=1,host=1,file="dravidVsEngInEng.csv",type="batting")
#vrichardEng=getPlayerData(52812,opposition=1,host=1,file="vrichardsEngInEng.csv",type="batting")
frames <- list("./data/tendulkarVsEngInEng.csv","./data/bradmanVsEngInEng.csv","./data/srwaughVsEngInEng.csv",
               "./data/dravidVsEngInEng.csv","./data/vrichardsEngInEng.csv")
names <- list("S Tendulkar","D Bradman","SR Waugh","R Dravid","Viv Richards")

The Lords and the Oval in England are some of the best pitches in the world. Scoring on these pitches and weather conditions, where there is both swing and bounce really requires excellent batting skills. It can be easily seen that Don Bradman stands heads and shoulders over everybody else, averaging close a cumulative average of 100+. He is followed by Viv Richards, who averages around ~60. Interestingly in English conditions, Rahul Dravid edges out Sachin Tendulkar.

relativeBatsmanCumulativeAvgRuns(frames,names)

# The other 2 plots on relative strike rate and cumulative average strike rate,shows Viv Richards really
# blasts the bowling. Viv Richards has a strike rate of 70, while Bradman & Steve Waugh around 62+, 
# followed by Tendulkar
relativeBatsmanSR(frames,names)

relativeBatsmanCumulativeStrikeRate(frames,names)

3. Relative performances of international batsmen against Australia in Australia

The following players from these countries were chosen

  1. Sachin Tendulkar (India)
  2. Viv Richard (West Indies)
  3. David Gower (England)
  4. Jacques Kallis (South Africa)
  5. Alastair Cook (Emgland)
frames <- list("./data/tendulkarVsAusInAus.csv","./data/vrichardsVAusInAus.csv","./data/dgowerVsAusInAus.csv",
               "./data/kallisVsAusInAus.csv","./data/ancookVsWIInWI.csv")
names <- list("S Tendulkar","Viv Richards","David Gower","J Kallis","AN Cook")

Alastair Cook of England has fantastic cumulative average of 55+ on the pitches of Australia. There is a dip towards the end, but we cannot predict whether it would have continued. AN Cook is followed by Tendulkar who has a steady average of 50+ runs, after which there is Viv Richards.

relativeBatsmanCumulativeAvgRuns(frames,names)